Age of Reason
Ancient Near East
Piri Re'is Map
Sacred Books of the East
Journal Articles: Hinduism
The VedasThere are four Vedas, the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. The Vedas are the primary texts of Hinduism. They also had a vast influence on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. The Rig Veda, the oldest of the four Vedas, was composed about 1500 B.C., and codified about 600 B.C. It is unknown when it was finally comitted to writing, but this probably was at some point after 300 B.C.
The Vedas contain hymns, incantations, and rituals from ancient India. Along with the Book of the Dead, the Enuma Elish, the I Ching, and the Avesta, they are among the most ancient religious texts still in existence. Besides their spiritual value, they also give a unique view of everyday life in India four thousand years ago. The Vedas are also the most ancient extensive texts in an Indo-European language, and as such are invaluable in the study of comparative linguistics.
A Vedic Reader for Students
by A.A. Macdonell 
(excerpts) 121,143 bytes
(Sacred Books of the East, vols. 1 and 15)
The Upanishads, Part I (SBE 1) Max Müller, translator 
The Upanishads, Part II (SBE 15) Max Müller, translator 
The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. There are also many other works termed Purana, known as 'Upapuranas.'
The Vishnu Purana
by H.H. Wilson 
A Vishnu Purana with Dantesque descriptions of the afterlife, and details of Hindu funeral rites.
Other Primary Texts
The Laws of Manu
George Bühler, translator 
(Sacred Books of the East, vol. 25)
The Mahabharata and Ramayana are the national epics of India. They are probably the longest poems in any language. The Mahabharata, attributed to the sage Vyasa, was written down from 540 to 300 B.C. The Mahabharata tells the legends of the Bharatas, a Vedic Aryan group. The Ramayana, attributed to the poet Valmiki, was written down during the first century A.D., although it is based on oral traditions that go back six or seven centuries earlier. The Ramayana is a moving love story with moral and spiritual themes that has deep appeal in India to this day.
In addition, a key Hindu sacred text, the Bhagavad Gita, is embedded in Book Six of the Mahabharata.
The Mahabharata now has its own page:The Mahabharata translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli [1883-1896]
The Mahabharata in Sanskrit
Rámáyan Of Válmíki
,translated by Ralph T. H. Griffith [1870-1874]
The Ramayana in Sanskrit
The Ramayana and Mahabharata
R. Dutt translator 
Sir Edwin Arnold, translator 
Love and Death
by Sri Arobindo 
The Bhagavad Gita, usually considered part of the sixth book of the Mahabharata (dating from about 400 or 300 B.C.), is a central text of Hinduism, a philosphical dialog between the god Krishna and the warrior Arjuna. This is one of the most popular and accessible of all Hindu scriptures, required reading for anyone interested in Hinduism. The Gita discusses selflessness, duty, devotion, and meditation, integrating many different threads of Hindu philosophy.
The Bhagavadgîtâ (SBE 8)
with the Sanatsugâtîya and the Anugîtâ
translated by Kâshinâth Trimbak Telang,
(Sacred Books of the East, Vol. 8) 
The Bhagavad Gita in Sanskrit
The Vedântâ-Sûtras (SBE 48)
with commentary by Râmânuja,
translated by George Thibaut;
(Sacred Books of the East, Vol. 48)
The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
This concise work describes an early stage in
the philosophy and practise of Yoga. Dating from about 150 B.C.,
the work shows dualist and Buddhist influences.
The Yoga Sutras are required reading if you are interested
in Yoga and meditation.
The Vimanika Shastra
Great Systems of Yoga
by Ernest Wood 
Works of Sister Nivedita (Margaret E. Noble)
The Web of Indian Life by Sister Nivedita (Margaret E. Noble) 
Studies from an Eastern Home by Sister Nivedita (Margaret E. Noble) 
Works of Rabindranath Tagore
A Heifer of the Dawn 
Also of Interest