Age of Reason
Ancient Near East
Piri Re'is Map
Sacred Books of the East
Journal Articles: Islam
It is our policy to preserve the original text and titles of books transcribed for this site. This has some theological implications in this section. Some Muslims do not believe that any text other than the actual Arabic text of the Quran (even a transliteration or an Arabic text with vowels) can strictly be called 'the Qur'an'. This is because the Arabic text is considered canonical and there can be no other versions of it. The phrase 'the meaning of the Quran' is typically used to describe texts which would otherwise be described as 'translations'. Please be aware of this issue where this site presents or refers to a 'translation,' 'translator' or 'transliteration' of the Quran. In addition, many of these books were originally written by Europeans during the 19th century and use the term 'Mohammedan' to refer to Muslims (by analogy with 'Buddhist,' 'Christian' etc.) Most Muslims deprecate this term today because the founder of Islam is considered a human prophet, rather than an entity to be worshipped, as the term could be taken to imply. In the interest of archival accuracy this terminology has been retained in the etexts; in text that we've written, we have attempted to avoid it, except in quotations. No disrespect to Islam or Muslims is intended thereby.
The Qur'an is the primary text of Islam, revealed to the Prophet Muhammed beginning in the year 610 C.E. It was canonicalized between 644 and 656. The Qur'an is required reading for anyone who wants to understand Islam. Qur'an means "The Recital" in Arabic; according to the story, the angel Gabriel commanded Muhammed to "Recite!".Hypertext Qur'an
This page links together all of the Qur'an versions at this site.
This is the Arabic text of the Qur'an presented using Unicode. It has a parallel transliteration into the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).
The Holy Qur'an: Arabic Text, Pronunciation Guide, Yusuf Ali English Text
This is a merged version of the excellent Yusuf Ali English translation with transliterated Arabic and Arabic script presented using GIF image files.
The Qur’ân, Part I
translated by E.H. Palmer  (Sacred Books of the East, vol. 6)
This is a completely new etext of the first volume of the Palmer text, with full introduction and footnotes.
The Qur’ân, Part II
translated by E.H. Palmer  (Sacred Books of the East, vol. 9)
This is a completely new etext of the second volume of the Palmer text, with full footnotes and the text of the index for Part I and Part II.
translated by J.M. Rodwell 
Another major translation from the 19th century.
by Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall (1875-1936) 
This is a modern and sympathetic English rendering.
The Hadith, second only to the Qur'an in importance and authority, are collections of Islamic traditions and laws (Sunna). This includes traditional sayings of Muhammed and later Islamic sages. By the ninth century over 600,000 Hadith had been recorded; these were later edited down to about 25,000.
Sufism is a mystical Islamic belief system. It is renowned for its contributions to world literature: beautiful symbolic poetry and devotional story-telling, much of which was translated in the 19th century by European scholars and travellers.
The History of Philosophy in Islam